Maristanis

    An international cooperation project that aims at defining an integrated management model for the coastal wetlands of the Gulf of Oristano; cofunded by the MAVA Foundation and coordinated by the MEDSEA Foundation in collaboration with the Marine Protected Area "Sinis Peninsula - Mal di Ventre island". MARISTANIS is working in parallel with three other projects cofunded by MAVA in Tunisia, Montenegro and Albania.


    The winning photos of the Photo Contest 2020

    1st place

    Federico Pastore - Gabbiano roseo

    2nd place

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    Laura Deiana - Pivieri dorati

    3rd place

    Image
    Gian Luca Furcas - Tre garzette

    Special mention

    Maria Grazia Sechi - Lumaca

    Special mention

    Anna Giordano -Sale e Porcus

    Special mention

    Alessandro Piras - Fungo tra conchiglie

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    Maristanis

    An international cooperation project that aims at defining an integrated management model for the coastal wetlands of the Gulf of Oristano; cofunded by the MAVA Foundation and coordinated by the MEDSEA Foundation in collaboration with the Marine Protected Area "Sinis Peninsula - Mal di Ventre island". MARISTANIS is working in parallel with three other projects cofunded by MAVA in Tunisia, Montenegro and Albania.
    Stagno di Sale ‘e Porcus, Stagno di Mistras, Stagno di Cabras, Stagno di Pauli Maiori, Stagno di S’Ena Arrubia, Stagni di Corru S’Ittiri, Marceddì, San Giovanni
    Arborea | Arbus | Cabras | Guspini | Nurachi | Oristano | Palmas Arborea | Riola Sardo | San Vero Milis | Santa Giusta | Terralba

    Ramsar Sites: 77 km2  | Area Marina Protetta: 267 km2  |  "Natura 2000" Sites: 12 SIC/ZSC - 7 ZPS | Municipalities: 1020,49 km2 | Coastline: 140 km
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    Objectives

    The MARISTANIS project aims to restore and protect the coastal wetlands of the Oristano’s Gulf through the following specific objectives:






    Objective 1

    Improving knowledge of wetlands

    Objective 1

    Wetlands and the water basin system of Oristano represent a unique ecological system, for their ecosystem services. They are rich reservoirs of biodiversity, provide cultural values and cover an important role on climate change mitigation. It is important to improve the current knowledge of these ecosystems.







    Objective 2

    Achieving integrated coastal wetlands management

    Objective 2

    The main challenge of this objective is to turn existing legislative and regulatory instruments into effective management plans, taking into consideration the local context, and to develop management skills at all government levels starting from local municipalities to set an effective wetlands governance.






    Objective 3

    Reducing threats on marine ecosystems

    Objective 3

    Local and regional authorities should interact with researchers to identify specific plans and actions to ensure and promote the persistence of processes that operate between marine and terrestrial parts of the coastal system.






    Objective 4

    Promoting efficient water resource management and use

    Objective 4

    Different sources of pressure affect water and related ecosystems. The aim is to improve water quality and reduce water consumption through raising public administrations capacity to manage water and to improve a sustainable use of water.






    Objective 5

    Reducing the risk from pollution sources

    Objective 5

    Different sources of pressure negatively affect wetlands and related rivers, involving both quantity and quality aspects. The purpose is to undertake actions that could eliminate, where possible, or reduce sources of pollution through integrated action aiming at reinforcing public administrative actions and promoting sustainable measures.






    Objective 6

    Improving the conservation of endangered species and habitats

    Objective 6

    The objective aims to undertake specific actions to identify, manage and preserve the target habitats and species (e.g. birds, amphibians and fishes).






    Objective 7

    Enhancing cultural and landscape heritage

    Objective 7

    The strong depopulation and loss of economic activities endanger the valuable heritage around the wetlands and coastal areas. The value of these ecosystems needs a powerful action to be recognized by the local stakeholders, and enhanced through new economic and cultural activities linked to a more sustainable value chain and ecotourism services.






    Objective 8

    Raising awareness on the importance of wetlands

    Objective 8

    A strong awareness raising campaign on the importance of the wetlands addressed to local stakeholder will be launched. The aim of this campaign is to promote activities aiming at preserving and safeguarding the wetlands. It will result in the improvement of the quality of life of local communities and in an more attractive experience for tourism.

    Objectives

    The MARISTANIS project aims to restore and protect the coastal wetlands of the Oristano’s Gulf through the following specific objectives:

    Objective 1

    Improving knowledge of wetlands

    Wetlands and the water basin system of Oristano represent a unique ecological system, for their ecosystem services. They are rich reservoirs of biodiversity, provide cultural values and cover an important role on climate change mitigation. It is important to improve the current knowledge of these ecosystems.

    Objective 2

    Achieving integrated coastal wetlands management

    The main challenge of this objective is to turn existing legislative and regulatory instruments into effective management plans, taking into consideration the local context, and to develop management skills at all government levels starting from local municipalities to set an effective wetlands governance.

    Objective 3

    Reducing threats on marine ecosystems

    Local and regional authorities should interact with researchers to identify specific plans and actions to ensure and promote the persistence of processes that operate between marine and terrestrial parts of the coastal system.

    Objective 4

    Promoting efficient water resource management and use

    Different sources of pressure affect water and related ecosystems. The aim is to improve water quality and reduce water consumption through raising public administrations capacity to manage water and to improve a sustainable use of water.

    Objective 5

    Reducing the risk from pollution sources

    Different sources of pressure negatively affect wetlands and related rivers, involving both quantity and quality aspects. The purpose is to undertake actions that could eliminate, where possible, or reduce sources of pollution through integrated action aiming at reinforcing public administrative actions and promoting sustainable measures.

    Objective 6

    Improving the conservation of endangered species and habitats

    The objective aims to undertake specific actions to identify, manage and preserve the target habitats and species (e.g. birds, amphibians and fishes).

    Objective 7

    Enhancing cultural and landscape heritage

    The strong depopulation and loss of economic activities endanger the valuable heritage around the wetlands and coastal areas. The value of these ecosystems needs a powerful action to be recognized by the local stakeholders, and enhanced through new economic and cultural activities linked to a more sustainable value chain and ecotourism services.

    Objective 8

    Raising awareness on the importance of wetlands

    A strong awareness raising campaign on the importance of the wetlands addressed to local stakeholder will be launched. The aim of this campaign is to promote activities aiming at preserving and safeguarding the wetlands. It will result in the improvement of the quality of life of local communities and in an more attractive experience for tourism.

    THE RAMSAR CONVENTION

    The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. Ramsar Sites are designated because they meet the Criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance.

    THE RAMSAR CONVENTION

    The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. Ramsar Sites are designated because they meet the Criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance.

    Ramsar sites of the Oristano's Gulf

    The Gulf of Oristano boasts 7,700 hectares of Ramsar wetlands of international importance (over 60% of Sardinia's entire heritage), which stretch along 200 km of coastline from Capo Mannu to the lagoon of Marceddì.

    Wetlands are
    • precious biodiversity reservoirs due to the presence of numerous animal and plant species,
    • play an important hydrogeological and natural water-treatment function.
    • represent a remarkable resource for fishing and tourism.
    Stagno di Sale'e Porcus (330 ha)

    Stagno di Sale'e Porcus (330 ha)

    An extensive complex of seasonal saline lagoons that dry out in summer. The vegetation is typically halophytic, salicornia plants are largely diffused.
    The site is one of the most important wetlands in the Mediterranean for staging flamingos. Various other migratory waterbirds stage and nest at the site.


    Stagno di Cabras (3,575 ha)

    Stagno di Cabras (3,575 ha)

    The wider wetland of Sardinia crosses the western Sinis into which there are small and temporary marshes. Vegetation consists of various salt-tolerant plants, submergent species and emergent reedbeds. The site is important for numerous species of breeding, staging and wintering waterbirds, with flamingos occurring in large numbers.

    Stagno di Mistras (680 ha)

    Stagno di Mistras (680 ha)

    The lagoon extends along the Sinis coast and borders the coastal plain and the Gulf of Oristano. The islets within the lacustrine area allow a good structure of vegetation and represent a great habitat for the avifauna conservation. The lagoon is rich in bivalve mollusks and fishes.

    Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia (223 ha)

    Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia (223 ha)

    A freshwater lagoon, representing the last remnant of a once extensive complex of marshes and lagoons, converted to agriculture in the 1930s. Vegetation consists of various salt-tolerant plants, submergent species and emergent reedbeds. The area is important for the breeding, staging and wintering of several species of waterbirds.

    Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri, Stagni di San Giovanni e Marceddì (2,610 ha)

    Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri, Stagni di San Giovanni e Marceddì (2,610 ha)

    A series of three interconnected coastal lagoons with different salinity, partly separated from the sea by a dune system: the one of Corru S'Ittiri parallel to the sea, while the ones of Marceddì and San Giovanni are located in succession and perpendicularly to the coastline. Vegetation consists of extensive reedbeds and halophytic plants. In these sites, there is a rich fish fauna.

    Stagno Pauli Maiori (287 ha)

    Stagno Pauli Maiori (287 ha)

    A small and low salinity lagoon surrounded by extensive reedbeds, with the only water inflow represented by waste water runoff from agricultural irrigation. The site is characterized by a large variety of vegetation of weakly salty freshwaters and vegetation of salty water. It has to be noted the presence of bird species of international zoographic relevance.

    Partners

    Coufunded by
    Coufunded by
    Coordinated by
    Coordinated by
    With the collaboration of
    With the collaboration of

    With the technical and scientific support of

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    Contact

    MEDSEA - Mediterranean Sea and Coast Foundation 
    Via Nazario Sauro, 1 - 09123 Cagliari (CA) - Italia  
    Tel. info@medseafoundation.org 
    www.medseafoundation.org 
    www.facebook.com/medseafoundation 

    Area Marina Protetta "Penisola del Sinis - Isola di Mal di Ventre"   
    Sede Legale: P.zza Eleonora, 1 | Direzione: C.so Italia, 108 09072 Cabras (OR) - Italia Tel. +39(0)783 391097 
    www.areamarinasinis.it 
    www.facebook.com/ampsinis
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