Maristanis

    An international cooperation project that aims at defining an integrated management model for the coastal wetlands of the Gulf of Oristano; cofunded by the MAVA Foundation and coordinated by the MEDSEA Foundation in collaboration with the Marine Protected Area "Sinis Peninsula - Mal di Ventre island". MARISTANIS is working in parallel with three other projects cofunded by MAVA in Tunisia, Montenegro and Albania.


    In evidence

    The winner of the World Wetlands Day in Sardinia 2022 Contest

    With a picture taken in the Oristanese lagoons representing a group of flamingos and the sentence "They come / They come back / Sometimes they stop / Like nomads / In a world / That no longer belongs to us", Gabriele Espis, nature photographer from Terralba , won the MEDSEA #WWDSardegna photo contest which took place on the occasion of the World Wetlands Day from 2 to 27 February 2022. 

    Maristanis

    An international cooperation project that aims at defining an integrated management model for the coastal wetlands of the Gulf of Oristano; cofunded by the MAVA Foundation and coordinated by the MEDSEA Foundation in collaboration with the Marine Protected Area "Sinis Peninsula - Mal di Ventre island". MARISTANIS is working in parallel with three other projects cofunded by MAVA in Tunisia, Montenegro and Albania.
    Stagno di Sale ‘e Porcus, Stagno di Mistras, Stagno di Cabras, Stagno di Pauli Maiori, Stagno di S’Ena Arrubia, Stagni di Corru S’Ittiri, Marceddì, San Giovanni
    Arborea | Arbus | Cabras | Guspini | Nurachi | Oristano | Palmas Arborea | Riola Sardo | San Vero Milis | Santa Giusta | Terralba

    Ramsar Sites: 77 km2  | Area Marina Protetta: 267 km2  |  "Natura 2000" Sites: 12 SIC/ZSC - 7 ZPS | Municipalities: 1020,49 km2 | Coastline: 140 km
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    Latest News

    Terre D'Acqua 2022, the winners of the s…

    13-05-2022

    With 87 works, of which 84 in the drawing category and 3 in the comics category, the MEDSEA Foundation's Terre D’Acqua 2022 Competition ends. The school contest took place from February...

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    The Sardinian farms met in Arborea under…

    05-05-2022

    This is the year of relaunch for the La Fiera dell’agricoltura di Arborea (Agricultural Fair of Arborea), one of the most important thematic fairs in Sardinia that promotes the productive, agro and...

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    Maristanis in the news: Rai and Italia 1…

    04-04-2022

    The Italian press gave ample space to the Maristanis project in recent months, the Oristanese wetlands and its most important project Maristanis were told in various national and local television reports on...

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    The winner of the World Wetlands Day in …

    15-03-2022

    With a picture taken in the Oristanese lagoons representing a group of flamingos and the sentence "They come / They come back / Sometimes they stop / Like nomads /...

    Read more

    Over 700 visitors for the World Wetlands…

    10-03-2022

    Over 700 visitors in the World Wetlands Day collective calendar, put together by the MEDSEA Foundation, as part of the Maristanis project last February, with the aim of promoting the precious...

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    The World Wetlands Day 2022 in Sardinia …

    31-01-2022

     As every year, the World Wetlands Day on the anniversary of the RAMSAR convention (of 1971, Feb. 2nd) calls and Sardinia, in particular the Oristanese area, replies within the Maristanis project that...

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    World Wetlands Day in Sardinia, from 2 t…

    26-01-2022

    In the occasion of the World Wetlands Day which celebrates ponds and lagoons in the world next February 2, the MEDSEA foundation launches the contest on wetlands in Sardinia with the hashtag #WWDSardegna to...

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    MAVA Steering Committee in Provence: Sar…

    22-12-2021

    MEDSEA foundation, which has been carrying out the Maristanis project in the Oristano area in Sardinia since 2017, attended last week the yearly meeting of the MAVA steering committee. The session took place from 16 to 17 December 2021 in Châteauneuf-le-Rouge, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, and gathered together the...

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    Terre d'Acqua, a wetlands school competi…

    22-12-2021

    On February 2, the World Wetlands Day will be celebrated once again the Oristanese wetlands region. To recall the central role of wetlands in addressing climate and environmental crisis and to raise awareness of the importance of these basins especially in this west coast side...

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    Coastal Contract Maristanis: from the pa…

    22-12-2021

    The first round of meetings of the Coastal Contract participatory process came to an end. For two months it saw the experts of the MEDSEA Foundation, on behalf of the Coordination Group...

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    Together to build a different future: li…

    07-12-2021

    On October 26 began in Oristano the participatory process that has followed the birth of the Marine Coastal Wetlands Contract, a voluntary tool aimed at the development of an integrated and collective management of Natura 2000 sites of the Oristano Gulf.  

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    The Friends of Maristanis Club expands: …

    30-11-2021

    The Friends of Maristanis Club is expanding! Twenty seven extra companies working in tourism and catering decided to join the network and start controlling their water consumption as well as finding ways for water saving to protect and enhance the Oristano wetlands area. 51 members e...

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    Objectives

    The MARISTANIS project aims to restore and protect the coastal wetlands of the Oristano’s Gulf through the following specific objectives:






    Objective 1

    Improving knowledge of wetlands

    Objective 1

    Wetlands and the water basin system of Oristano represent a unique ecological system, for their ecosystem services. They are rich reservoirs of biodiversity, provide cultural values and cover an important role on climate change mitigation. It is important to improve the current knowledge of these ecosystems.







    Objective 2

    Achieving integrated coastal wetlands management

    Objective 2

    The main challenge of this objective is to turn existing legislative and regulatory instruments into effective management plans, taking into consideration the local context, and to develop management skills at all government levels starting from local municipalities to set an effective wetlands governance.






    Objective 3

    Reducing threats on marine ecosystems

    Objective 3

    Local and regional authorities should interact with researchers to identify specific plans and actions to ensure and promote the persistence of processes that operate between marine and terrestrial parts of the coastal system.






    Objective 4

    Promoting efficient water resource management and use

    Objective 4

    Different sources of pressure affect water and related ecosystems. The aim is to improve water quality and reduce water consumption through raising public administrations capacity to manage water and to improve a sustainable use of water.






    Objective 5

    Reducing the risk from pollution sources

    Objective 5

    Different sources of pressure negatively affect wetlands and related rivers, involving both quantity and quality aspects. The purpose is to undertake actions that could eliminate, where possible, or reduce sources of pollution through integrated action aiming at reinforcing public administrative actions and promoting sustainable measures.






    Objective 6

    Improving the conservation of endangered species and habitats

    Objective 6

    The objective aims to undertake specific actions to identify, manage and preserve the target habitats and species (e.g. birds, amphibians and fishes).






    Objective 7

    Enhancing cultural and landscape heritage

    Objective 7

    The strong depopulation and loss of economic activities endanger the valuable heritage around the wetlands and coastal areas. The value of these ecosystems needs a powerful action to be recognized by the local stakeholders, and enhanced through new economic and cultural activities linked to a more sustainable value chain and ecotourism services.






    Objective 8

    Raising awareness on the importance of wetlands

    Objective 8

    A strong awareness raising campaign on the importance of the wetlands addressed to local stakeholder will be launched. The aim of this campaign is to promote activities aiming at preserving and safeguarding the wetlands. It will result in the improvement of the quality of life of local communities and in an more attractive experience for tourism.

    Objectives

    The MARISTANIS project aims to restore and protect the coastal wetlands of the Oristano’s Gulf through the following specific objectives:

    Objective 1

    Improving knowledge of wetlands

    Wetlands and the water basin system of Oristano represent a unique ecological system, for their ecosystem services. They are rich reservoirs of biodiversity, provide cultural values and cover an important role on climate change mitigation. It is important to improve the current knowledge of these ecosystems.

    Objective 2

    Achieving integrated coastal wetlands management

    The main challenge of this objective is to turn existing legislative and regulatory instruments into effective management plans, taking into consideration the local context, and to develop management skills at all government levels starting from local municipalities to set an effective wetlands governance.

    Objective 3

    Reducing threats on marine ecosystems

    Local and regional authorities should interact with researchers to identify specific plans and actions to ensure and promote the persistence of processes that operate between marine and terrestrial parts of the coastal system.

    Objective 4

    Promoting efficient water resource management and use

    Different sources of pressure affect water and related ecosystems. The aim is to improve water quality and reduce water consumption through raising public administrations capacity to manage water and to improve a sustainable use of water.

    Objective 5

    Reducing the risk from pollution sources

    Different sources of pressure negatively affect wetlands and related rivers, involving both quantity and quality aspects. The purpose is to undertake actions that could eliminate, where possible, or reduce sources of pollution through integrated action aiming at reinforcing public administrative actions and promoting sustainable measures.

    Objective 6

    Improving the conservation of endangered species and habitats

    The objective aims to undertake specific actions to identify, manage and preserve the target habitats and species (e.g. birds, amphibians and fishes).

    Objective 7

    Enhancing cultural and landscape heritage

    The strong depopulation and loss of economic activities endanger the valuable heritage around the wetlands and coastal areas. The value of these ecosystems needs a powerful action to be recognized by the local stakeholders, and enhanced through new economic and cultural activities linked to a more sustainable value chain and ecotourism services.

    Objective 8

    Raising awareness on the importance of wetlands

    A strong awareness raising campaign on the importance of the wetlands addressed to local stakeholder will be launched. The aim of this campaign is to promote activities aiming at preserving and safeguarding the wetlands. It will result in the improvement of the quality of life of local communities and in an more attractive experience for tourism.

    THE RAMSAR CONVENTION

    The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. Ramsar Sites are designated because they meet the Criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance.

    THE RAMSAR CONVENTION

    The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. Ramsar Sites are designated because they meet the Criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance.

    Ramsar sites of the Oristano's Gulf

    The Gulf of Oristano boasts 7,700 hectares of Ramsar wetlands of international importance (over 60% of Sardinia's entire heritage), which stretch along 200 km of coastline from Capo Mannu to the lagoon of Marceddì.

    Wetlands are
    • precious biodiversity reservoirs due to the presence of numerous animal and plant species,
    • play an important hydrogeological and natural water-treatment function.
    • represent a remarkable resource for fishing and tourism.
    Stagno di Sale'e Porcus (330 ha)

    Stagno di Sale'e Porcus (330 ha)

    An extensive complex of seasonal saline lagoons that dry out in summer. The vegetation is typically halophytic, salicornia plants are largely diffused.
    The site is one of the most important wetlands in the Mediterranean for staging flamingos. Various other migratory waterbirds stage and nest at the site.


    Stagno di Cabras (3,575 ha)

    Stagno di Cabras (3,575 ha)

    The wider wetland of Sardinia crosses the western Sinis into which there are small and temporary marshes. Vegetation consists of various salt-tolerant plants, submergent species and emergent reedbeds. The site is important for numerous species of breeding, staging and wintering waterbirds, with flamingos occurring in large numbers.

    Stagno di Mistras (680 ha)

    Stagno di Mistras (680 ha)

    The lagoon extends along the Sinis coast and borders the coastal plain and the Gulf of Oristano. The islets within the lacustrine area allow a good structure of vegetation and represent a great habitat for the avifauna conservation. The lagoon is rich in bivalve mollusks and fishes.

    Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia (223 ha)

    Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia (223 ha)

    A freshwater lagoon, representing the last remnant of a once extensive complex of marshes and lagoons, converted to agriculture in the 1930s. Vegetation consists of various salt-tolerant plants, submergent species and emergent reedbeds. The area is important for the breeding, staging and wintering of several species of waterbirds.

    Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri, Stagni di San Giovanni e Marceddì (2,610 ha)

    Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri, Stagni di San Giovanni e Marceddì (2,610 ha)

    A series of three interconnected coastal lagoons with different salinity, partly separated from the sea by a dune system: the one of Corru S'Ittiri parallel to the sea, while the ones of Marceddì and San Giovanni are located in succession and perpendicularly to the coastline. Vegetation consists of extensive reedbeds and halophytic plants. In these sites, there is a rich fish fauna.

    Stagno Pauli Maiori (287 ha)

    Stagno Pauli Maiori (287 ha)

    A small and low salinity lagoon surrounded by extensive reedbeds, with the only water inflow represented by waste water runoff from agricultural irrigation. The site is characterized by a large variety of vegetation of weakly salty freshwaters and vegetation of salty water. It has to be noted the presence of bird species of international zoographic relevance.

    Partners

    Coufunded by
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    Coordinated by
    Coordinated by
    With the collaboration of
    With the collaboration of

    With the technical and scientific support of

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    Contact

    MEDSEA - Mediterranean Sea and Coast Foundation 
    Via Nazario Sauro, 1 - 09123 Cagliari (CA) - Italia  
    Tel. info@medseafoundation.org 
    www.medseafoundation.org 
    www.facebook.com/medseafoundation 

    Area Marina Protetta "Penisola del Sinis - Isola di Mal di Ventre"   
    Sede Legale: P.zza Eleonora, 1 | Direzione: C.so Italia, 108 09072 Cabras (OR) - Italia Tel. +39(0)783 391097 
    www.areamarinasinis.it 
    www.facebook.com/ampsinis
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